Education, research, and evaluations are necessary tools for balancing human needs with those of nature. SPROUT offers resources to inform and facilitate the design process with our clients.
When asked about the characteristics in their new organizational culture, the 40 top healthcare executives involved in “Cultural Transformations in Healthcare”, a Robert Woods Johnson Foundation study in 2005, identified ‘patient centered environments of healing’ as their number one priority.
“A patient Centered environment of Healing promotes a culture of professionalism, and means that patient relationships are primary, the patient is the center of decision making; and staff always doing the right thing for the patient no matter what.” AIA Healthcare Design Guidelines.
This class explores how patient centered care and evidence based design are incorporated into healthcare site design and healing gardens. Parameters are explored on researching, understanding and designing for patient’s needs, interests, abilities, physical condition and cognitive and psychological status.
Why is research an integral part of evidence based design? “Hospitals are among the most expensive facilities to build due to complex infrastructure, expensive diagnostic and treatment technology, prevailing government regulations and safety codes. Deciding to invest in hospital design and deciding what elements to incorporate into a new facility requires a clear understanding of the intended outcomes.” Research enables this clear understanding of intended outcomes.
There are 44,000 preventable deaths a year in U.S. Hospitals; 17 million dollars are spent on methods to prevent those mistakes. This was the justification for a Center for Healthcare Design study that looked at how physical environments affected nursing errors and how stress reduction through specific design elements could potentially reduce errors.
Kirk Hamilton has defined two levels of evidence based design practice. The attendee will learn the importance of incorporating research into the design process and sharing that information with other design practitioners. The differences between qualitative and quantitative research are outlined and how both can be applied to healthcare design projects for a variety of patient types is provided as an explorative class exercise.
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